Friday, May 22, 2020

Essay on Understanding Dementia in the Elderly - 532 Words

Delirium, Depression, and Dementia are some of the most common psychological diagnoses in the elderly today. The three D’s are difficult to differentiate between in older adults because they overlap with each other and can all exist in the same patient at once. Delirium, Dementia, and Depression all affect the elderly’s quality of life and often increase the risks for one another (Downing, Caprio Lyness, 2013). For the purpose of this paper I will be focusing primarily on the diagnosis of Dementia, the prevention, and nursing measures associated with it, but first I would like to differentiate between Delirium and Depression because Dementia is often associated with the two in the older adult population. Delirium is a cognitive disorder†¦show more content†¦Typical presenting symptoms in older adults are weakness, insomnia, hypersomnia, headache, fatigue, irritability, chronic constipation, pain, agitation, and unintentional weight loss/change. Dementia and Delirium are also known to have higher rates of depression in older adults. The Geriatric Depression Scale, Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, and the nine item Patient Health Questionnaire are screening tools utilized when an older adult presents with signs and symptoms of depression (Downing, Caprio Lyness, 2013). Dementia is a progressive diagnosis that takes place over months or years. Dementia occurs in stops compared to other psychological diagnoses in the elderly and age is a major risk factor. The older the adult the increased risk of dementia occurring. There are different forms of dementia, but Alzheimers is the most prevalent of all the types. Dementia, as stated above, is associated with delirium during an acute illness and is hard to identify in patients with underlying dementia. Dementia causes a decline in executive fncitoning and memory, as a result, decreasing the patients overall quality of life because their activities of daily living become more and more limited. Behaviors and changes in mood are also noted in these patients, such as;Show MoreRelatedSymptoms And Treatment Of Frontotemporal Dementia995 Words   |  4 Pagesincrease in the number of elderlies in the United States. One of the largest generations reaching elderly status also brings an increase in curiosity on t heir health; particularly their mental health. With nearly 69% of practicing psychologist working with older patients, it is clear that there is a particular interest in how the elderly behave and think (Kring Johnson, 2015). This curiosity and prevalence of elderlies brings along an increase awareness of commonly thought â€Å"elderly specific† illnessesRead MoreMemory Is Key For Self Identity And Well Being Essay1429 Words   |  6 Pagessomeone with Alzheimer’s? An investigation of how this disease affect the brain and how aging plays a role in the deficiency of the senses. This thesis will delve into insights about the design of physical environments, as well as reaching an understanding of current practices in Alzheimer’s care and facility design. And it will also provide a foundation for planning an Alzheimer’s patient’s residence. How to take care of them and how these methods can be complemented by their surrounding physicalRead MoreUnder standing Psychology And The Ways1221 Words   |  5 Pagesthree commonly known forms of dementia are Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, and dementia with lewy bodies. Dementia is generally identified by the lack of memory in areas such as: not remembering or knowing a person, becoming disoriented easily, even if in familiar places, losing language skills, social withdraw, and having little to no awareness of ones cognitive problems. Studies have shown that genetic and environmental factors take place in the link to dementia. For example, Erikson’s stagesRead MoreThe Stages Of Clinical Reasoning1149 Words   |  5 PagesClinical reasoning can be defined as, ‘the process by which nurses (and other clinicians) collect cues, process the information, come to an understanding of a patient’s problem or situation, plan and implement interventions, evaluate outcomes and reflect on and learn from the process’ (Levett-Jones Hoffman 2013, p.4). It requires health professionals to be able to think critically and ensures better engagement and results for the patient (Tanner 2006, p.209). The Quality in Australian HealthcareRead More Alzheimer’s Disease Essay1506 Words   |  7 PagesAlzheimer’s Disease INTRODUCTION Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive degenerative disorder of insidious onset, characterized by memory loss, confusion, and a variety of cognitive disabilities. It is the major cause of dementia in the elderly and is characterized by the presence of neuropathologic lesions including: neurofibrillary tangles in the neuronal perikarya and in pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus, entorhinal cortex and neocortex, nucleus basalis of Meynert, and periaqueductalRead MoreAging : An Inevitable Part Of Aging Essay1300 Words   |  6 PagesMyth #1: o Dementia is an inevitable part of aging One of the common myths or assumptions made when referring to old age is that, as a person gets old or age, he/she is bound to have dementia. Before analyzing this myth furthermore, let’s first define dementia. Dementia â€Å"isn t a specific disease. Instead, dementia describes a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking and social abilities severely enough to interfere with daily functioning. â€Å"(Mayo Clinic Staff, n.d.). Even though dementia is moreRead MoreAnalysis and Description of Dementia Essay1741 Words   |  7 PagesDementia is characterized as a condition where the mental processes of cognition and memory start to deteriorate. It is described as a syndrome that hinders the daily lives of those who have it and is characterized by memory and thinking impairment. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s Disease and the second most common is vascular dementia. Dementia is a syndrome occurring usually, but not limited, to people over the age of 40 and is due to brain damage caused by natural deterioratingRead MoreAbout Alzheimers Disease And Dementia822 Words   |  4 Pages An Altered Life About Alzheimers Disease and Dementia. (2014, February). In Alzheimers Foundation of America . Retrieved September 25, 2017, from https://alzfdn.org/caregiving-resources/about-alzheimers-disease-and-dementia/ The Alzheimer’s Foundation of America, in layman terms, provides quick and easy information about what Alzheimer’s is, which I believe will be helpful for my readers. The accredited foundation simplifies the disease by describing it as a progressive brain disorder. TheRead MorePerson Centred Care1501 Words   |  7 Pagesthe way sickness presents itself in the older body, the response of the human body to the treatment given and even some treatments that may no longer be suitable. Psychological changes affect memory as a result of ageing. There can be a lesser understanding due to the change in technology and medicine over time with more modern procedures and equipment. (Lippincott, 2011) It is common sense that because the patient is older their patient history could be more extensive than a younger patient. TheyRead MoreHow Demographic Characteristics Influences The Provision Of Spalding s Local Health And Social Services1227 Words   |  5 PagesIn this report I w ill be describing and investigating how demographic characteristics influences the provision of Spalding’s local health and social services. The demographic factors underpin how services are planned and carried out. Understanding and examining the demographic characteristics helps the Lincolnshire council to plan the delivery of the health, social and early years’ services that best suites the local services users within Lincolnshire. If the care, social and early year practises

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Synthesis And Biological Use As Potential Anticancer Agents

Norcantharidin and analogues: synthesis and biological use as potential anticancer agents Norcantharidin (NCTD), the demethylated analogue of cantharidin, has been used to treat human cancers in China since 1984. It was recently found to be capable of inducing apoptosis in human colon carcinoma, hepatoma and glioblastoma cells by way of an elusive mechanism.1 Norcantatharidins and their analogues are synthetic anticancer agents which have been used in various different procedures for the inducing growth arrest and apoptosis of tumour cells and also provide therapeutic and adjuvant therapeutic applications in the treatment of cancer agents.2 This report will discuss the various different NCTD that are currently being studied, highlighting the synthesis of these NCTD and their various biological pathways that are taken in order to inhibit the growth of the correspondent cancer cell. In particular NCTD induced apoptosis of the hepatoma cells will be considered and also highlighting the different views with the synthesis of the particular NCTD and also the effectiveness of th e methodology and its observations in response to other NCTD and their mechanism in attacking the hepatoma cell site. One study by Shuijun Zhanga et al had shown the ABT-737 induced apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCC) by the transcriptional repression of Myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1). Shuijun Zhanga et a. had shown that NCTD could affect apoptosis by the modification of the B-cell lymphoma 2Show MoreRelatedAnticancer Drugs : The Treatment Of Malignant Or Malignant Disease1642 Words   |  7 PagesAnticancer drugs are that are effective in the treatment of malignant or cancerous disease. These are known as antineoplastic drugs also. The drugs are involved in cancer treatment are several types. Such as-- †¢ Alkylating agents – busulfan, mechlorethamine etc. †¢ Antimetabolites – methotrexate, 6 mercaptopurine,5 fluorouracil etc. †¢ Natural products –vinca alkaloids, taxanes †¢ Hormones –tamoxifen, progestins These groups have also sub types. Without these common drugs nowadays a variety ofRead MoreEssay On Silver Nanotechnology864 Words   |  4 Pagesefficient material since ancient times for its microbicidal properties to treat diseases, such as, ulcer, chronic wounds, sepsis, acute epididymitis, tonsillitis, and infections and to prevent the eye diseases in infants.1,2 But with the passage of time use of Ag is reduced due to development of new antibiotics.3 However, an introduction of nanotechnology, nanoparticles during the last decade have proved that this element can be used in almost every field of application due to their tremendous behaviorRead MoreWhat Are The Importance Of Natural Products1361 Words   |  6 Pagessources. Another important benefit of natural products lies with their biological history. Biosynthesis of natural products takes in repetitive interactions with modulating enzymes and their biological function involves binding to other proteins. Thus, the capability of natural products to work tog ether with other molecules which is a crucial prerequisite in making an effective drug could be measured as biologically validated. Use of the medicinal plants is, now a day, a center of interest at primaryRead MoreThe Use Of Therapeutic Nanoparticles As Drug Delivery Systems For The Delivery Of Anticancer Drug Molecules1318 Words   |  6 Pagesreview article discusses the current treatment techniques on nanoparticles as carrier systems for the delivery of anticancer drug molecules. A plethora of nanoparticle drug delivery formulations have been tested for their target specificity. The drug delivery system of nanoparticles is designed in such a way that they are independent of their environments and selective at a biological site. Some key features of drug delivery systems include parameters such as molecular weight, pH, particulate sizeRead MoreMoving Away From Classical Chemotherapeutics1807 Words   |  8 Pagesfield has conducted a variety of studies to elucidate the pathways cancer manipulates in order to develop successful treatments. To this end, chemotherapy emerged as a prominent research field in the early 1960s and is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells.1 Classical chemotherapeutics began with cisplatin and expanded to develop more potent second and third generation analogues, such as oxaliplatin and carboplatin (Figure 1).2,3 Classical chemotherapeuticsRead MoreAn Introduction Of An Oncolytic Virus ( Ov )1703 Words   |  7 Pageslysis, they release new infectious virus particles to help destroy other cancer cells or the remaining tumor. The viruses achieve this by a number of mechanisms, including direct lysis, apoptosis, expression of toxic particles, shutdown of protein synthesis, as well as the induction of anti-tumoral immunity. History of OVs In the 1950s, researchers noticed a reduction of tumors in mice also injected with the encephalitis virus [1]. With the development of new models and methods for virus replicationRead MoreSynthesis Of Aminoquinone Derivatives Via Electrochemical Approach1295 Words   |  6 PagesA Simple and convenient one pot synthesis of aminoquinone derivatives via electrochemical approach Jyoti Malviya1, Shashi Kala2, Hemlata Singh3, R.K.P.Singh* Electrochemical Laboratory of Green Synthesis Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad Allahabad – 211002, U.P., India. Email: singhrkp1@gmail.com, rkp.singh@rediffmail.com Abstract A simple and efficient method for the convenient synthesis of aminoquinones have been describedRead MoreThe Potential And Its Effects On Cancer Cells1535 Words   |  7 PagesLimitless replicative potential is an acquired capability of many cancer cells, and it was listed as one of the original hallmarks of cancer [1]. It is mostly achieved by upregulation of telomerase, a reverse transcriptase DNA synthesis enzyme that maintains the telomeres length. Most tumor cells have a high level of telomerase activity but short telomeres due to prior divisions before achieving telomerase-activating malignancies [2]. In contrast, normal progenitor cells and stem cells have relativelyRead MoreAn Introduction Of Analgesic And Anti Inflammatory1296 Words   |  6 Pagesmicroorganisms, so tissue repair can proceed. Inflammatory response lasts longer, and drugs are used to suppress the symptoms that cause inflammation. Plants have first been discovered throughout human history as a source of food and energy. The use of them as medicinal agents predates written human history. At present, plants are now rampant sources of various types of medicines and remedies, whether they are pharmaceutically manufactured or used naturally. The term â€Å"medicinal plants† are referred to as theRead MoreA Research Study On Antibacterial Therapy1646 Words   |  7 Pagesbut on its potential role in treating malignant diseases. In addition, in vitro â€Å"phage display† technology has been developed whereby a specific gene encoding a peptide/protein of interest can be inserted into the phage genome. The resulting peptide/protein is then â€Å"displayed† in the bacteriophage’s viral coat where it can be extracted for analysis. The biology of the bacteriophage, together with recent research studies and selected applications, is reviewed with respect to its potential role in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cause And Prevention Of Cancer Health Essay Free Essays

Cancer is a word used for diseases in which unusual cells split without control and are able to assail other tissues. It ‘s cells can make other parts of the organic structure through the blood and lymph system. It is non merely one disease but many diseases. We will write a custom essay sample on Cause And Prevention Of Cancer Health Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are over 100 different types of malignant neoplastic disease. To recognize malignant neoplastic disease, it ‘s utile to cognize what happens when normal cells become malignant neoplastic disease cells. The organic structure is made up of many types of cells. These cells grow and split in a controlled manner to make more cells as they are necessary to maintain the organic structure strong. When cells become old or hurt, they pass off and are replaced with new cells. Despite that, sometimes this organized method goes wrong. The familial stuff ( DNA ) of a cell can go injury or misused, bring forthing mutants that concern normal cell growing and division. Equally shortly as this happens, cells do non decease as they should and new cells signifier when the organic structure does non necessitate them. Image coroneted Loss of Normal Growth Control. The image shows normal cell division and normal cell self-destruction or programmed cell death of a damaged cell. It besides shows malignant neoplastic disease cell division, through several mutant phases, stoping in uncontrolled growing. Types of Cancer The followers are the most normally known types of malignant neoplastic diseases. Bladder Cancer: It is a wild unusual growing and addition of cells in the urinary vesica which have busted free from the usual mechanisms of the organic structure. It has the capableness to multiply to other organic structure parts every bit good as to the lungs, castanetss, and liver. Breast Cancer: It is a malignant neoplastic disease that starts in the tissues of the chest. Endometrial malignant neoplastic disease: It develops when the cells that make up the interior liner of the uterus become unnatural and grows uncontrollably and it is the 4th most general type of malignant neoplastic disease between adult females and the most general gynecologic malignant neoplastic disease. Kidney malignant neoplastic disease: It forms in tissues of the kidneys. It includes nephritic cell carcinoma and nephritic pelvic girdle carcinoma. It besides includes Wilms tumour, which is a type of kidney malignant neoplastic disease that on a regular basis develops in kids under the age of 5. Leukemia: It starts in the tissue that forms blood. Lung malignant neoplastic disease: It is a consequence from a defect in the cell. Normally, the organic structure maintains a method of cheques and balances on cell growing so that cells split to make new cells merely when new cells are needed. Melanoma: It is a type of skin malignant neoplastic disease. It begins in cells in the tegument called melanocytes. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: It starts in cells called lymph cells, which are portion of the organic structure ‘s immune system. Lymphocytes are in the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. Pancreatic malignant neoplastic disease: It begins in the tissues of your pancreas which is an organ in your venters that lies directly to the rear of the lower portion of your belly. The pancreas secretes enzymes that aid digestion and endocrines that aid control the metamorphosis of sugars. Prostate malignant neoplastic disease: It is a barbarous tumour that consists of cells from the prostate secretory organ. Normally, the tumour grows easy and remains restricted to the secretory organ for many old ages. Throughout this clip, the tumour produces little or no symptoms. The Causes of Cancer The followers are the most normally known causes of malignant neoplastic disease. Tobacco: Harmonizing to the Nationwide Cancer Institute, smoking causes 30 % of all malignant neoplastic disease deceases in the U.S. and is to fault for 87 % of instances of lung malignant neoplastic disease. Not merely does it hold an consequence on the lungs, it can besides do kidney, pancreatic, cervical, and tummy malignant neoplastic diseases and acute myeloid leukaemia. Geneticss: It can play a big undertaking in malignant neoplastic disease addition. If you have a household record of malignant neoplastic disease, for illustration chest malignant neoplastic disease, taking extra safety steps is important. When malignant neoplastic disease is familial, a mutated Deoxyribonucleic acid can be passed down. Familial trials are offered for many familial malignant neoplastic diseases. Keep in head that if you have a household record of malignant neoplastic disease, it does non intend you will hold it. You merely have a greater opportunity of making it. Environmental Factors: The milieus you are in can do malignant neoplastic disease. Surveies have revealed that people who are exposed to high measure of benzine are at menace for malignant neoplastic disease. It is a chemical originated by gasolene, smoke, and pollution. Sun Exposure: Skin malignant neoplastic disease is caused by contact with the UV beams of the Sun. Sunburn or a sunburn is genuinely the consequence of cell harm caused by the Sun. The Prevention of Cancer The followers are the most known ways of forestalling malignant neoplastic disease Avoid Smoking and Exposure to Smoke Smoke is the most of import malignant neoplastic disease menace that we can cut down. It is to fault non merely for lung malignant neoplastic disease, but many other types of malignant neoplastic disease. One of the finest ways to avoid malignant neoplastic disease is to halt smoke or ne’er get down. The blink of an eye you quit your organic structure reaps the benefits of being tobacco-free. Practice Sun Safety and Recognize When Skin Changes Occur Skin malignant neoplastic disease is the most ordinary type of malignant neoplastic disease between work forces and adult females, and it accounts for about half of all malignant neoplastic disease diagnosing. The first measure in forestalling skin malignant neoplastic disease is to remain off from UV beam contact. We can make this by have oning sunblock, avoiding noontime Sun, have oning defensive apparels when exterior, and by remaining off from tanning beds. Eat Your Fruits and Vegetables A well-balanced diet is helpful in many ways. A diet loaded with fruits and veggies to a great extent reduces the opportunity of developing malignant neoplastic disease and many other fortunes. Fruits and veggies hold antioxidants, which help repair our injury cells. Green, orange and xanthous fruits and veggies are the greatest opportunity to assist avoid malignant neoplastic disease. Surveies besides explain that dark fruits, like blueberries and grapes, may besides hold anti-cancer belongingss. Limit Red Meat and Animal Fat Several surveies explain that a diet high in carnal fat increases the danger of many types of malignant neoplastic disease, chiefly colon malignant neoplastic disease. Red meat holds much more fat than biddy and fish, so dropping the measure of ruddy meat in your diet may help to halt malignant neoplastic disease. A diet high in fat besides is chief cause of fleshiness, which is a menace for many types of malignant neoplastic disease. Restrict Your Alcohol Intake Devouring excessively much sums of intoxicant frequently increases the menace for several types of malignant neoplastic disease. Surveies propose that work forces who drink two alcoholic drinks per twenty-four hours and adult females who have one alcoholic imbibe per twenty-four hours well add to the menace for certain types of malignant neoplastic disease. Exercise for Cancer Prevention The American Cancer Society advises exerting 30 proceedingss a twenty-four hours, at least 5 yearss a hebdomad for malignant neoplastic disease turning away. Exercise does n’t hold to bespeak go forthing for the gym to raise weights. There are plentifulness of ways to acquire exercising into your twenty-four hours. Know what you ‘re being exposed to in Your Work Environment Chemicals in the topographic point of work may add to the menace of increasing many types of malignant neoplastic disease, plus kidney malignant neoplastic disease and vesica malignant neoplastic disease. Get Screened for Cancer Regularly Cancer testing trials can be helpful non merely for happening malignant neoplastic disease, but besides assisting halt it. Screening trials similar to the colonoscopy and Pap smear can observe unusual cellular alterations before they become cancerous. The Treatments for Cancer The followers are the most common interventions for malignant neoplastic disease Chemotherapy: It is the common term for any remedy refering the usage of chemical agents to forestall malignant neoplastic disease cells from increasing. It can acquire rid of malignant neoplastic disease cells at great distances from the original malignant neoplastic disease. Therefore, it is considered a systemic intervention. More than half of all people diagnosed with malignant neoplastic disease are given chemotherapy. For 1000000s of people, it helps handle their malignant neoplastic disease successfully, leting them to profit from full, originative lives. Radiation Therapy: It uses high-energy radiation to minimise tumours and kill malignant neoplastic disease cells. X raies, gamma beams, and charged atoms are types of radiation used for malignant neoplastic disease remedy. The radiation may be delivered by a device outside the organic structure, or it may come from radioactive affair located in the organic structure near malignant neoplastic disease cells. It uses radioactive substances, for case radioactive I, that pass through in the blood to kill malignant neoplastic disease cells. About half of all malignant neoplastic disease patients are given some type of radiation therapy sometime during the class of their remedy. Cryosurgery: It is the usage of utmost cold formed by liquid N to pulverize unusual tissue. It is used to handle external tumours, for case those on the tegument. For exterior tumours, liquid N is applied straight to the malignant neoplastic disease cells with a cotton swab or spraying device. Cryosurgery is besides used to handle tumours inside the organic structure. For internal tumours, liquid N or Ar gas is spread through an empty device called a call investigation, which is placed in contact with the tumour. The physician uses ultrasound or MRI to direct the call investigation and detect the freeze of the cells, therefore restricting injury to shut by strong tissue. A ball of ice crystals forms around the investigation, stop deading close by cells. Sometimes more than one investigation is used to direct the liquid N to different parts of the tumour. The investigations may be put into the tumour during surgery or through the tegument. After cryosurgery, the frozen tissue melt and is either of course absorbed by the organic structure, or it dissolves and forms an outer bed. How to cite Cause And Prevention Of Cancer Health Essay, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

What dramatic interest is achieved through the character of Juliet and how do the film directors, Zeffirelli and Luhrmann portray her Essay Example For Students

What dramatic interest is achieved through the character of Juliet and how do the film directors, Zeffirelli and Luhrmann portray her? Essay Juliet is an interesting character due to her changing character during the course of the play. At the beginning of the play, Shakespeare tries to portray Juliet as an innocent young girl, who is obedient and respectful to her parents. As she falls in love with Romeo and becomes more disobedient, she fakes her own death to her parents something she never would have done earlier in the play. There have been many different interpretations of Romeo and Juliet since it was written by William Shakespeare in the 17th century. The classic love story still remains popular to this day. Franco Zeffirelli directed a film version of Romeo and Juliet in 1968 and Baz Luhrmann directed a film of the play in 1996. I think that the story of Romeo and Juliet has remained so popular throughout the centuries because it shows how powerful love can be, as it brings the two feuding families together. We will write a custom essay on What dramatic interest is achieved through the character of Juliet and how do the film directors, Zeffirelli and Luhrmann portray her? specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Despite being a main character, Juliet does not make an appearance in the play until Act 1 Scene 3. Shakespeare uses this scene to introduce Juliets character, to give the audience a very good idea of what her character is like before she meets Romeo. We discover that Juliet is very obedient towards her parents as soon as she comes into the play; as soon as she is called, she arrives. Her first words of the play tell us a lot about her character. The way she calls her mother, Lady Capulet, madam, shows us that she respects her parents. She asks her mother what is your will? suggesting that she is willing to do whatever her mother tells her. From this scene we can tell how Juliet respects her parents. This shows how young she is. Act 1 Scene 5 sees the first meeting of Romeo and Juliet, in Capulets mansion, at the party. Romeo is first attracted to her because of her beauty. He describes her as a snowy dove trooping with crows. This imagery, which implies that Juliet stands out from everybody else at the party, describes Juliet as a snowy dove. Shakespeare picks the contrast of white against black (white dove, black crows) for Juliet deliberately, as white symbolises goodness and purity. This idea of a connection between Juliet and the colour white occurs several times in the play. At this stage in the play, Juliet shows only a physical attraction towards Romeo, and uses religious imagery to show this attraction; saints have hands that pilgrims hands do touch, and palm to palm is holy palmers kiss. In Act 2 Scene 2 (the balcony scene), the relationship between Romeo and Juliet changes; their love is no longer based on a purely physical attraction. They arrange for a messenger to come and see Romeo the next day, to arrange a time and place for them to be married. It is unusual for a woman to behave as Juliet does in this scene as she is planning her own marriage behind her parents back, without consent. Normally, at the time that the play was written, the marriage would be arranged by the parents. It is especially unusual for Juliet, as at the beginning of the play, Juliet is a well-behaved, obedient girl. This is the biggest example so far in the play of Juliets changing character. In this part of the play, the dramatic interest is achieved through the fact that Juliet is being called from inside, and she has to rush. Imagery for speed and movement is used as Juliet is being called by the Nurse; for example, when Romeo says love goes toward love as schoolboys from their books, but love from love, toward school with heavy looks. This means that two lovers go towards each other as fast as a schoolboy goes away from school, but t wo lovers go away from each other as fast as a schoolboy goes to school (with heavy looks: the schoolboy would not want to go to school). In Act 2 Scene 5, Juliet is waiting, in Capulets mansion, for the Nurse to return with news of Romeo. Juliet is impatient, and mentions that love should make the Nurses return quicker. Romeo and Juliet get married in Act 2 Scene 6. The dramatic interest in this scene comes from the fact that the marriage is a secret, and Juliets parents are expecting her to marry Paris. Juliet finds out about Tybalts death and Romeos banishment from Verona in Act 3 Scene 2. When the Nurse arrives in Juliets room, she is very distressed, and is unable to give a clear answer when Juliet asks what the matter is. At first, Juliet believes that it is Romeo that has been killed. Juliet eventually finds out that it is Tybalt, not Romeo, who is dead. Although she is very upset at the news of her cousins death, she defends Romeo when the Nurse tries to criticise him (shame come to Romeo) for killing Tybalt. .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 , .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .postImageUrl , .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 , .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859:hover , .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859:visited , .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859:active { border:0!important; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859:active , .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859 .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u83c130707950aa6eec7a3a6bf378f859:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Oliver Stone's Controversial Film - JFK EssayJuliet faces another problem in Act 3 Scene 5 when her parents tell her that they want her to marry Paris. Capulet, Juliets father, who has not noticed the change in his daughter since his party, is infuriated by this, telling her that if she does not marry Paris in two days time, he will disown her. As she turns to the Nurse for comfort, the Nurse betrays her, and says that she should marry Paris, at her parents will. The dramatic interest gained here is through the fact that Juliet is becoming more and more isolated and alone; the only person she can talk to is Friar Lawrence, as Romeo has been banished. Juliet goes to see Fri ar Lawrence (the only other person who knows about Romeo and Juliets marriage) in Act 4 Scene 1. When the Friar suggests a plan to Juliet, involving her dangerously faking her own death, she jumps at the chance; she feels that she has nothing left to lose. Juliet faking her own death adds to the drama and tension of this scene; and also shows how much she has changed since the start of the play, when she was so obedient to her parents. Juliets language in this scene is very desperate; she comments that she would rather jump from off the battlements of any tower than marry Paris; and goes on to list many other unimaginable things that she would rather do than marry Paris. Shakespeare uses dramatic irony in Act 4 Scene 2; the audience knows that Juliet will not marry Paris, whereas Capulet is led to believe that Juliet is willing to be married on Thursday. In Act 4 Scene 3, Juliet is about to take to the potion, but begins to have doubts, adding tension to the scene. She has fears that the potion that the Friar has given her really is poison, and that he is murdering her to protect his reputation. Once she has cast these doubts aside, she begins to have new doubts; fears of suffocation in the tomb and of going mad with fear when she awakes. She again has to face her fears in Act 5 Scene 3 (the death scene), when the Friar leaves her with the watch coming to find her. She faces her fears and stays at the tomb, where she kills herself using Romeos dagger. I feel that Juliet has to be admired in Act 3 Scene 5, as she shows no sign of fear in the face of death. Even though she is alone (she has lost the support of her parents, the Nurse, Friar Lawrence and Romeo has died), she makes the decision to commit suicide. This act of independence shows how Juliets character has changed throughout the course of the play; she decides to kill herself, even though she can take the easy way and just go back to her parents. Juliets death speech in Act 5 Scene 3 is much shorter than Romeos: ah dear Juliet, why art thou yet so fair? Romeo has the time to ask himself rhetorical questions to himself during his soliloquy, whereas Juliet has much less time. This is a technique of adding dramatic interest used by Shakespeare; Juliet has little time (adding tension to the scene) and so has to act quickly (the watch is coming), whereas Romeo had a lot of time after Paris death. I will now concentrate on the two films portrayal of Juliets character. The character of Juliet was played by Olivia Hussey in Franco Zeffirellis version of the play in 1968. She is depicted as very young in this film; she has long hair, which makes her look younger. She also dresses elaborately, to put emphasis on her wealthy background. At Juliets first appearance in the film (i.e. first impressions of her character) she is playing and laughing, like a child, to pit more emphasis on her youth. She frequently looks at the Nurse for reassurance in this scene, as at this part of the film, she finds it difficult to make independent decisions. She also sits on the Nurses lap at one point, which, as well as showing the close relationship between Juliet and the Nurse, emphasises her youth. She also giggles childishly a lot in the party scene, where she first meets Romeo. .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b , .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .postImageUrl , .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b , .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b:hover , .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b:visited , .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b:active { border:0!important; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b:active , .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u3fab66616e750d4aae3f2d3ccd5e9b4b:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Various Forms of Love in Twelfth Night EssayAt the balcony scene in Act 2, we see another side of Juliet; she is intimate and passionate with Romeo. In the marriage scene, she wears a veil, making her look older, and is holding white lilies, symbolising purity and innocence. The relationship between Juliet and the colour white is emphasised several times in the film; for example the morning she spends the night with Romeo, the sheets, curtains and her nightgown are all white. As she is betrayed by the Nurse, she remains calm, speaking with dignity. This shows how much she has matured; she does not get upset and makes her own decision, instead of taking the Nurses advic e. When she takes the Friars potion, she looks as if she is praying, and there is a light on her in the darkness, to symbolise hope. In Baz Luhrmanns 1996 version of the play, Juliet is played by Claire Danes. Luhrmanns, unlike Zeffirellis, was set in the late 20th century, so Juliet wore modern clothes; for example jeans and t-shirts. The party scene in this film was a fancy dress party, and Juliet is symbolically dressed as a heavenly angel, suggesting innocence, hope and purity, along with the idea, once more, of Juliet wearing white. In the balcony scene, she falls into the swimming pool below her window with Romeo, possibly suggesting baptism or new life. As she is getting married, she wears white again, and also has her hair up, to suggest independence and maturity. Juliet wears black when she goes to see the Friar, after the argument with her parents, as she is upset and mourning. When she takes the potion in this film, she wears pink, silk pyjamas, looking sophisticated. She also takes the potion without hesitation, showing that she is in control, and showing no signs of looking back. There are many differences between Luhrmanns and Zeffirellis films. In Luhrmanns version, Juliet looks much older (about the same age as Romeo) than in the Zeffirelli film. Zeffirellis Juliet acts childishly, and giggles a lot, whereas the Juliet in Luhrmanns film acts less like a child, although the change in character is still noticeable, if not as much as in Zeffirellis version. Zeffirelli chooses music to reflect the mood in each scene, whereas Luhrmann opts for popular hits, but the music is still powerful and intense. Of the two films, my personal favourite is Zeffirellis film. I think that Luhrmann tries to modernise the story too much, and ruins the film. As Zeffirelli keeps his version close to the original story, it is more authentic, and gives more of an insight into Shakespeares work, because of the close references to Shakespeares original text Also; the film is set in 17th century Verona, creating more authenticity for the film. Concluding my essay, I find Juliet to be a powerful character (as portrayed in both films). She seems to be a childish character at the beginning of the play, but maturing as the play goes on, most notably after meeting Romeo. I feel that Shakespeare makes this change in her character to make her interesting to the audience. Shakespeare does create dramatic interest for the character of Juliet, as her changing character will keep the audience interested and wanting to see how she develops and wanting to find out if she will find happiness.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Niccolò Machiavelli - His Life, Philosophy and Influence

Niccolà ² Machiavelli - His Life, Philosophy and Influence Niccolà ² Machiavelli was one of the most influential political theorists of Western philosophy. His most read treatise, The Prince, turned Aristotle’s theory of virtues upside down, shaking the European conception of government at its foundations. Machiavelli lived in or nearby Florence Tuscany his whole life, during the peak of the Renaissance movement, in which he took part. He is also the author of a number of additional political treatises, including The Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livius, as well as of literary texts, including two comedies and several poems. Life Machiavelli was born and raised in Florence, Italy, where his father was an attorney. Historians believe his education was of exceptional quality, especially in grammar, rhetoric, and Latin. He seems not to have been instructed in Greek, though, despite Florence having been a major center for the study of the Hellenic language since the middle of the fourteen hundreds. In 1498, at age twenty-nine Machiavelli was called to cover two relevant governmental roles in a moment of social turmoil for the newly constituted Republic of Florence: he was named chair of the second chancery and – a short time after – secretary of the Dieci di Libert e di Pace, a ten-person council responsible for maintaining diplomatic relationships with other States. Between 1499 and 1512 Machiavelli witnessed first-hand the unfolding of Italian political events. In 1513, the Medici family returned to Florence. Machiavelli was arrested on suspicion of conspiracy to overthrow this powerful family. He was first imprisoned and tortured then sent into exile. After his release, he retired to his country house in San Casciano Val di Pesa, about ten miles southwest of Florence. It is here, between 1513 and 1527, that he wrote his masterpieces. The Prince De Principatibus (literally: On Princedoms) was the first work composed by Machiavelli in San Casciano mostly during 1513; it was published only posthumously in 1532. The Prince is a short treatise of twenty-six chapters in which Machiavelli instructs a young pupil of the Medici family on how to acquire and maintain political power. Famously centered on the right balancing of fortune and virtue in the prince, it is by far the most read work by Machiavelli and one of the most prominent texts of Western political thought. The Discourses Despite the popularity of The Prince, Machiavelli’s major political work is probably The Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livius. Its first pages were written in 1513, but the text was completed only between 1518 and 1521. If The Prince instructed how to govern a princedom, The Discourses were meant to educate future generations to achieve and maintain political stability in a republic. As the title suggests, the text is structured as a free commentary on the first ten volumes of Ab Urbe Condita Libri, the major work of Roman historian Titus Livius (59B.C.-17A.D.) The Discourses are divided into three volumes: the first devoted to internal politics; the second to foreign politics; the third one to a comparison of the most exemplary deeds of individual men in ancient Rome and Renaissance Italy. If the first volume reveals Machiavelli’s sympathy for the republican form of government, it is especially in the third that we find a lucid and pungent critical gaze at the political situation of Renaissance Italy. Other Political and Historical Works While carrying forward his governmental roles, Machiavelli had the opportunity to write about the events and issues he was witnessing first-hand. Some of them are critical to understanding the unfolding of his thought. They range from the examination of the political situation in Pisa (1499) and in Germany (1508-1512) to the method used by the Valentino in killing his enemies (1502). While in San Casciano, Machiavelli wrote also a number of treatises on politics and history, including a treatise on war (1519-1520), a recount of the life of the condottiero Castruccio Castracani (1281-1328), a history of Florence (1520-1525). Literary Works Machiavelli was a fine writer. He left us two fresh and entertaining comedies, The Mandragola (1518) and The Clizia (1525), both of which are still represented in these days. To these we shall add a novel, Belfagor Arcidiavolo (1515); a poem in verses inspired to Lucius Apuleius’s (about 125-180 A.D.) major work, L’asino d’oro (1517); several more poems, some of which amusing, the translation of a classical comedy by Publius Terentius Afer (circa 195-159B.C.); and several other smaller works. Machiavellianism By the end of the sixteenth century, The Prince had been translated into all major European languages and was the subject of heated disputes into the most important courts of the Old Continent. Often misinterpreted, the core ideas of Machiavelli were so despised that a term was coined to refer to them: ​Machiavellianism. To these days the term indicates a cynical attitude, according to which a politician is justified to do any tort if the end requires it.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Free sample - Events which led to the Revolutionary War. translation missing

Events which led to the Revolutionary War. Events which led to the Revolutionary WarIn the last half of the 18th century, thirteen colonies ganged up in a political upheaval so as to break free of the colonial rule imposed by Britain giving rise to the United States. These states first rejected the overseas authority without representation expressed by the Parliament of Great Britain and went further to expel all Royal officials in their states. Each former colonial province established a Provincial Congress so as to form a self, internal government. In response, the British sent troops so as to recover these provinces. This marked the onset of the American Revolutionary War that lasted between 1775 and ended in 1783 when the last of the British troops surrendered and both parties signed Treaty of Paris. The States therefore chose to reject all acts of tyranny and control collectively instigated by the British monarchy in favor of self-rule, as stated in the July 1776 United States Declaration of Independence. There are various events that led to the American Revolution. In the events timeline, these events triggered and inspired the decision, cause and clamor for independence by the colonies at the time. Key among these was the Boston Tea Party and the Boston Massacre. Prior to this, most people in the states were content with how it was being run. The British governed through indirect rule which allowed the states a degree of their own identity. However, at the onset of 1764, a pamphlet, ‘The Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Approved’ was written by James Otis. He argued that all colonists, be they black or white, deserved freedom and that American colonies, being the larger, could not revolve around the smaller England. This was the earliest clamor for independence. In that same year, Oxenbridge Thatcher wrote a pamphlet, ‘The Sentiments of a British American’ which furthered the arguments put forward by Otis such as taxation without representation. At that time however, there were very few radicals in support of independence. In 1764, several acts came into place. First, the British monarchy attempted to seize control of the America’s economy by putting into place the Currency Act which outlawed the printing of all money in the colonies and further nullified all the America-printed money. Secondly, the Sugar Act, which ensured colonists were taxed for sugar, coffee, wine and indigo, came into force. This was a means of the British Government to earn revenue so as to recover from the losses of the French-Indian War. This angered both merchants due to the arbitrary searches and other colonists since they were being taxed without representation. Several other pamphlets were published such as ‘The Right of Colonies Examined’ by Stephen Hopkins and ‘The Pennsylvania Gazette’ written by Benjamin Franklin. In March 1765, the Stamp Act came into force which required all colonists to buy a stamp wheneve r a document was to be printed. The colonies however revolted and the British Government responded by publishing the Declaratory Act in which total control of the colonies was expressed. In June 1765, the intolerable Quartering Act was published. It required colonists to pay and supply vital necessities to the British troops. This highly increased unrest especially as the army was deemed incompetent after the loss in the Chief Pontiac’s Rebellion. The anonymous publication of John Dickinson's ‘Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies’ in December 1767 awakened the colonists as to how the British Monarchy was hurting the colonies. In 1768, 4000 soldiers were dispatched to quell unrest though they served to fuel unrest even the more. This resulted in the Boston Massacre during which five people died. In July 1772, the situation blew over. Colonists were deeply angered by various Intolerable acts such as the Sugar Act which was strictly being enforced such that smuggling was impossible serving to anger the merchants the more. The ultimate Intoloretable act was the 1773 British Tea Act which gave the British East India Company the exclusive rights to import tea from the colonies, barring the merchant’s businesses. In response, the merchants organized the Boston Tea Party in which the entire tea cargo aboard a British ship was dumped into sea. The British Government respo nded by cancelling Massachusetts right of self-governance through the Massachusetts Government Act. In 1774, the colonists met under the Continental Congress so as to discuss on how Britain was oppressing the colonies. They resolved to stop all imports and put an end to slave trade. All merchants were not to raise prices or continue trading with Britain after the first of December. This was signed by the Congress president, Peyton Randolph which greatly infuriated the British Government. In March 1775, Parliament passed the New England Restraining Act that forced all merchants to trade with no other country except Britain hence restricting trade. Further, Parliament passed the Boston Port Act so as to force colonists to pay for losses incurred due to the Boston Tea Party. The colonialists were barred from entering the harbor but gravely accelerated the need for independence. This served as the start of the American Revolution and its utter success in 1783. This marked the onset of a radical clamor for change and the resultant unification of thirteen states which declared their independence from Britain in response to the acts of tyranny and the Intolerable Acts by the British. Â   : Axelrod, Alan. The Real History of the American Revolution: A New Look at the Past. 2009. Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Jensen, Merrill. The Founding of a Nation: a History of the American Revolution, 1763–1776. Indianapolis, Indiana: Hackett Publishing Company, 2004.- . The New Nation: a History of the United States during the Confederation, 1781-1789. . New York : Random House Inc., 1950. Rdude. "Events Leading to the American Revolution." 19 Februaury 2002. Everything2. 16 November 2010

Saturday, February 15, 2020

A flying camera or a drone camera Research Paper

A flying camera or a drone camera - Research Paper Example Sergei concentrates more on the bright side of the picture in his video and can be seen proudly promoting his prototype camera. But, he does not talk some serious limitations associated with these cameras which many may be concerned with. This response paper aims to discuss the positive and negative aspects of Sergei’s ted talk. It will also explore how much room there is for more improvements in the area of flying cameras with the help of research literature. The applause heard during the video when Sergei uses a small device to raise the camera high up in the air shows how taken the audience is with his demonstration and ideas. Sergei does not simply shoot arrows in thin air, but considers it critically valuable to also give a small demo to validate his talk. This action helps to acutely familiarize the audience with the product which the video is trying to promote. Another positive aspect of the video is that the presenter was lively and energetic. Words flew out of his mouth effortlessly and the points identified were briefly discussed, but in an animated fashion. There was a rigor clearly noticeable in the way information was presented to the audience. Overall, it was like going on a riveting ride with the presenter because nothing seemed boring and unimaginative. The presenter digs with acute intelligence into his subject and certain intricate features were prioritized and talked about like what innovations went into the constructio n of the device. It is implied in the video that these little drones are capable of capturing amazing footage which shows why these things are rapidly becoming â€Å"today’s must-have photo accessories† (Kolonia). Also, Sergei encourages his audience to be imaginative and creative in context of different ways in which the prototype camera can be used. Surely, there cannot be one way or one application for this device. For example, it can be used in wildlife field work.